Agile and Scrum are two terms frequently used in the realm of project management and software development. While they share similarities, they are not synonymous. In this article, we will delve into the key differences and similarities between Agile and Scrum methodologies. Understanding these concepts is vital for those seeking to implement efficient project management practices or those looking to improve their software development processes.

Agile Methodology

1. Definition of Agile

Agile is an overarching philosophy or approach to project management that emphasizes flexibility, collaboration, and customer-centricity. It prioritizes adaptability and responsiveness to change throughout the project’s lifecycle.

2. Key Principles of Agile

  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation.
  • Responding to change over following a plan.
  • Delivering functional software frequently.
  • Working with motivated individuals.
  • Building projects around individuals and interactions.
  • Embracing working software as the primary measure of progress.

3. Flexibility in Agile

Agile allows teams to adjust project scope, requirements, and priorities throughout the project. It enables incremental development and frequent reassessment.

Scrum Methodology

1. Definition of Scrum

Scrum is a specific framework within the Agile methodology. It provides a structured approach to manage complex knowledge work, with an emphasis on teamwork, accountability, and iterative progress.

2. Key Components of Scrum

  • Roles: Scrum defines specific roles, including Scrum Master, Product Owner, and Development Team.
  • Artifacts: Scrum employs artifacts such as Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment.
  • Events: Scrum prescribes events like Sprint Planning, Daily Standup, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective.

3. Iterative Approach in Scrum

Scrum uses time-boxed iterations called “Sprints” (usually 2-4 weeks long) where the team works on a defined set of features. It aims to deliver a potentially shippable product increment at the end of each Sprint.


1. Scope:

  • Agile is a broad, flexible approach applicable to various industries.
  • Scrum is a specific framework within the Agile umbrella, tailored for software development but used in other fields.

2. Structure:

  • Agile has no set structure; it focuses on principles and values.
  • Scrum provides a well-defined structure with roles, events, and artifacts.

3. Iteration:

  • Agile doesn’t necessarily involve iterations; it allows for continuous adaptation.
  • Scrum relies on fixed-duration iterations (Sprints).


1. Customer-Centric:

  • Both Agile and Scrum prioritize delivering value to the customer throughout the project.

2. Adaptability:

  • Both embrace change and prioritize flexibility in responding to evolving requirements.

3. Collaboration:

  • Collaboration and communication are essential in both Agile and Scrum methodologies.


While Agile and Scrum are distinct, they share common goals of delivering value, fostering collaboration, and adapting to change. Choosing between them depends on your specific project requirements and the level of structure and guidance you need. Ultimately, a successful approach to project management involves understanding these methodologies and tailoring them to your unique context.

By Ahmad Jawahir

I'm a project manager in Tokyo. I have experience in software development, Ubuntu server, IoT, artificial intelligence and networking. My hobby is gym and enjoying nature.

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