FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a fundamental tool for transferring files between computers on the internet. To effectively use FTP, it’s essential to understand the various commands it offers. In this article, we’ll explore the most common FTP commands, their functions, and how to use them for efficient file transfer and management.

Logging In: Basic FTP Commands

  1. Open or Connect: To initiate an FTP session, you can use the open or connect command, followed by the FTP server’s address, like this:
  1. User: The user command is used to specify the username for logging into the FTP server:
   user myusername
  1. Password: After providing the username, use the password command to enter your password:
   password mypassword

Navigation and Listing Files

  1. List (ls): The list or ls command displays a list of files and directories in the current directory on the remote server:
  1. Change Directory (cd): Use the cd command to navigate to different directories on the remote server:
   cd directory_name
  1. Parent Directory (cdup): To move up one directory, use the cdup or up command:

File Transfer

  1. Get: The get command is used to download files from the remote server to your local machine. You specify the file you want to download:
   get filename
  1. Put: The put command is used to upload files from your local machine to the remote server:
   put filename

Managing Files and Directories

  1. Delete (delete): To remove a file from the remote server, use the delete command followed by the filename:
   delete filename
  1. Make Directory (mkdir): Create a new directory on the remote server with the mkdir command:
   mkdir new_directory
  1. Remove Directory (rmdir): To delete a directory on the remote server, use the rmdir command:
   rmdir directory_name

Changing File Permissions

  1. Site: The site command allows you to send server-specific commands. This is often used to change file permissions. The specific command and syntax may vary depending on the FTP server you’re connected to.

File Transfer Modes

  1. Binary (bin): Use the binary or bin command to set the file transfer mode to binary. This is suitable for non-text files like images or executables.
  1. ASCII (asc): The ascii or asc command sets the file transfer mode to ASCII, suitable for text files.

Exiting FTP

  1. Quit (bye or exit): To exit the FTP session, you can use the quit, bye, or exit command:


FTP commands are essential for effectively using the File Transfer Protocol to transfer and manage files between your local machine and a remote server. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, mastering these commands will make your file transfer tasks more efficient and productive. Keep in mind that some FTP servers may have additional or server-specific commands, so it’s always a good idea to consult your server’s documentation for more information.

By Ahmad Jawahir

I'm a project manager in Tokyo. I have experience in software development, Ubuntu server, IoT, artificial intelligence and networking. My hobby is gym and enjoying nature.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *